Chapter 10: Cell Reproduction

  1. What are three purposes of mitosis?
  2. What is binary fission?
  3. What are the three stages of the cell cycle?
  4. What is the longest stage of the cell cycle?
  5. In what phase of the cell cycle does the cell grow?
  6. In what phase of the cell cycle does the nucleus divide?
  7. In what phase of the cell cycle does do the chromosomes replicate?
  8. In what phase of the cell cycle does the cell divide?
  9. In what phase of the cell cycle are the chromosomes copied?
  10. In what phase of the cell cycle are the chromosomes “spaghetti-like”?
  11. What are the three steps of interphase?
  12. In which phase(s) of interphase do the chromosomes replicate?
  13. In which phase(s) of interphase does growth happen?
  14. Be able to label the parts of a chromosome during mitosis: centromere region, kinetochore, kinetochore spindle fibers, and sister chromatids.
  15. What are sister chromatids?
  16. What is the function of centriole pairs.
  17. What is the function of the spindle fibers?
  18. What two structures do the spindle fibers attach to?
  19. What are the phases of mitosis in order?
  20. Be able to identify the phases of mitosis from a picture.
  21. In which phase of cell cycle are the chromosomes relaxed (and are known as chromatin)?
  22. Which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes condense?
  23. Which phase of mitosis does the nuclear envelope begin to break down?
  24. Which phase of mitosis do the spindle fibers form at the centriole pairs?
  25. Which phase of mitosis does the nuclear envelope completely disappear?
  26. Which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes begin to move towards the center?
  27. Which phase of mitosis are the chromosomes at the center?
  28. What is the metaphase plate?
  29. Which phase of mitosis are the centriole pairs at 180˚?
  30. Which phase of mitosis do the spindle fibers attach to the kinetochore?
  31. Which phase of mitosis do the centromeres split?
  32. Which phase of mitosis do the sister chromatids begin to be pulled apart?
  33. What are daughter chromosomes?
  34. In which phases of mitosis is the constriction of spindle fibers happening?
  35. Which phase of mitosis does the nuclear envelope reappear?
  36. Which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes uncoil?
  37. Which phase of mitosis de the spindle fibers disappear?
  38. What is cytokinesis?
  39. What is the difference between a cleavage furrow and a cell plate?