Chapter 14: Diversity of Plants

  1. What ecosystem services to plants provide?
  2. Plants are primary producers. What does that mean?
  3. What do plant provide humans?
  4. What are the key photosynthetic organisms in freshwater
  5. What are the closest living relatives to land plants?
  6. What physical similarities (synapomorphies) do green algae have with plants?
  7. Which group of algae are the closest living relatives to land plants?
  8. Which group of land plants are the closest living relatives to green algae?
  9. What are the differences between nonvascular plants, seedless vascular plants, and seed plants?
  10. What do vascular tissues do?
  11. What evolutionary advantages did vascular tissue provide vascular plants? Why is vascularity so important?
  12. How are seeds different from spores?
  13. How are gymnosperms different from angiosperms
  14. Which group of plants have “naked seeds”?
  15. Which group of plants have “vesseled seeds”?
  16. Which group of plants are known as flowering plants?
  17. What were two of tthe earliest adaptations of land plants?
  18. What were two main advantages of growing on land for plants?
  19. What is a cuticle, and why is it important for land plant development?
  20. Why are stomata important in plants? What specialized cells are they made from?
  21. What are the advantages and challenges of upright growth for land plants?
  22. What is xylem? Phloem?
  23. Xylem up; phloem down.
  24. What are three innovations that evolved for plants to reproduce in dry environments?
  25. Why is it important for seeds to disperse far from their parents?
  26. List four differences between a monocotyledon and a dicotyledon. Be able to look at pictures of cotyledons, flowers, leafs and vascular tissue (and be able to differentiate between monocot and dicot).
  27. What are cotyledons?