Chapter 24: Fungi

  1. What makes fungi different from animals?
  2. What makes fungi different from plants?
  3. What are two ways fungi are beneficial to plants?
  4. How is mychorrhizal association mutualistic? What does the plant get? What does the fungus get?
  5. How are fungi important in the Carbon Cycle?
  6. List four ways fungi are economically important to humans?
  7. There are two fungal growth forms: yeasts and mycelia. How are they different?
  8. How are hyphae and mycelium related?
  9. How are mycelium dynamic?
  10. How many cells thick are hyphae?
  11. In hyphae, what is a gap? Septa?
  12. What is the advantage and disadvantage of mycelia have the highest surface area to volume ratio of all multicellular organisms?
  13. What are chytrids? Be able to identify them from a picture.
  14. What are zygosporangia? Be able to identify them from a picture.
  15. What are basidia? Be able to identify them from a picture.
  16. What are basidiospores? Be able to identify them from a picture.
  17. What are asci? Be able to identify them from a picture.
  18. Provide four points of evidence that support the hypothesis that fungi are more closely related to animals than plants.
  19. Chytrids and zygomycetes are paraphyletic. What does that say about their ancestry?
  20. Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes are both dikaryotic. What does that say about their ancestry?
  21. What group is known as “club fungi”?
  22. What group is known as “sac fungi”?
  23. What group of fungi is known to be decimated amphibian populations worldwide?